Friday, 22 April 2016

French Verb of Day.19 of Blogging #AtoZChallenge - Signifier!

Salut mes beaux amis!

The verb of the day is Signifier. I am writing this post in the same format as the first post of this challenge. Again, if you find any correction, please do not hesitate to point out. I am a French language learner, not a teacher. I'd appreciate the courteous and constructive feedback. I have divided the post into these main sections:
  • Pronunciation Link
  • Meaning of this Verb
  • Conjugation of the verb in different tenses and moods
  • Appearance of this verb in any song or textbook
So, let's have some fun while learning the usage of the verb of the day.

Pronunciation Link

Meaning of the Verb

Signify means, you guessed it right, to signify or mean. Many words in the french language are similar to that of English. Obviously, pronunciations are very different.

Conjugation of this verb in various tenses and moods

1. Indicatif – Generally, Indicatif is used to state facts.
    1. Présent – 
        1. It is similar to Present tense of English. We use this form to express facts, conditions, habits, and routine.
      The sample sentences, as per my knowledge, could be:

      I write whenever I can.

      You don't like drama.

      We love reading books.

      They have money, but they do not have a heart.

      Je signifie

      (Subject) signify(s) or is/are/am signifying
      Tu signifies
      Il signifie
      Nous signifions
      Vous signifiez
      Ils signifient
        1. Passé Composé – It resonates with Present Perfect and Past forms of English language. This form is utilized to a talk about the actions that were completed in the past, and we wish to draw the attention towards its results.
      I went to get a manicure in the morning.

      He did not go to the office today.

      I did not have the courage at that moment.

      J’ai signifié (Subject) signifed(once), I have signifed
      Tu as signifié
      Il a signifié
      Nous avons signifié
      Vous avez signifié
      Ils ont signifié
        1. Imparfait – Imparfait form is used to write about description, habit, and actions that occurred simultaneously in the past.
      It was a beautiful day.

      He was having a rough day.

      I used to ride a bicycle in the rain.

      Je signifiais (Subject) was signifying/ used to signify
      Tu signifiais
      Il signifiait
      Nous signifiions
      Vous signifiiez
      Ils signifiaient
        1. Plus-que-parfait – This is the French version of “Past perfect” of English language. If you are narrating an incident that occurred in the past, and I you wish to include a detail that happened even before the time of that incident, you use plus-que-parfait form.
      I had studied a lot before I could get a job.

      He had practiced his speech in front of the mirror before he went in front of a huge audience.

      J’avais signifié (Subject) had signified
      Tu avais signifié
      Il avait signifié
      Nous avions signifié
      Vous aviez signifié
      Ils avaient signifié
        1. Passé simple – Similar to Passé Composé, Passé simple is used to describe completed actions in the past and the actions that were interrupted in the past. Being same as Passé Composé, its examples are similar to Passé Composé.
      Last year, I went to Bali.

      While I was in Bali, I admired nature for hours.

      Je signifiai (Subject) signifeded
      Tu signifias
      Il signifia
      Nous signifiâmes
      Vous signifiâtes
      Ils signifièrent
        1. Passé antérieur – This is same as Past Perfect of English language. This form is mostly used in literature.
      As soon as I was in the library, I decided to issue the book “Pride and Prejudice.”

      After my grandfather had worked for sixty years, he started gardening.

      J’eus signifié (Subject) had signifed
      Tu eus signifié
      Il eut signifié
      Nous eûmes signifié
      Vous eûtes signifié
      Ils eurent signifié
        1. Futur – Futur is same as Future tense of English language. This form comes into picture when we are either expressing an intended action in the future or making an assumption in both present and future. Also, it may be used to make a polite request.
      Tomorrow, I will write a song.

      You will never write a song.

      Would Irine help me with the song?

      If you ask her, you will know.

      Je signifierai (Subject) will signify
      Tu signifieras
      Il signifiera
      Nous signifierons
      Vous signifierez
      Ils signifieront
        1. Futur antérieur – Remember future perfect tense? Futur antérieur is its brother :) When you are imagining or considering something to happen in the future or something that might have happened in the past, you use this form.
      He'll probably have had three boxes of cereal or he had drank three cartons of milk. (I know it's a stupid sentence, but I couldn't think of something else.)

      By the time we'll reach, they will have hidden the evidence. (Crime investigation drama kicking in!)

      J’aurai signifié (Subject) will have signifed/ will had signifed
      Tu auras signifié
      Il aura signifié
      Nous aurons signifié
      Vous aurez signifié
      Ils auront signifié
        1. Future proche – Future Proche form is used to describe an event or action that is either definite to occur in a short while or planned to happen in the future.
      I am going to get a laptop in two minutes. (I'm not :( )

      My sister is getting ready in a minute.

      Je vais signifier (Subject) is/are/am signifying/about to signify
      Tu vas signifier
      Il va signifier
      Nous allons signifier
      Vous allez signifier
      Ils vont signifier

    1. Conditionnel – This mood is used to express statements of possibility and condition.
              1. Présent – If we wish to express a possibility about present or future from a past point of view, then this would be my choice of sentence form.
          I would like to be an author, someday.

          Drashti thought that she might go on a vacation to Paris.

          If she went to Paris, she could become a model.

          Arun, could you stop teasing me?
          Je signifierais (Subject) would signify
          Tu signifierais
          Il signifierait
          Nous signifierions
          Vous signifieriez
          Ils signifieraient
            1. Passé – Imagine that you are telling about an incident that happened in the past, where you expressed a possibility, then this is the form you need to be using. Of course, it is confusing, but don't worry. Hopefully, sample sentences will help in making it understandable.
          If I had gone with you, I would have scolded him.
          My grandfather would have sorted our problems if we had asked him.
          *Tip – Use Conditionnel Passé in that part of the sentence that indicates a result of the action.
          J’aurais signifié (Subject) would had signified/ would have signified
          Tu aurais signifié
          Il aurait signifié
          Nous aurions signifié
          Vous auriez signifié
          Ils auraient signifié
            1. Passé - forme alternative – This form is used in literary formats of writing. Not my cup of tea! The same thought can be expressed by using above form.
      J’eusse signifié (Subject) would had signified/ would have signified
      Tu eusses signifié
      Il eût signifié
      Nous eussions signifié
      Vous eussiez signifié
      Ils eussent signifié

    1. Subjonctif – This mood of expressions focuses on various emotions, such as doubt, a fear, subjectivity, hope.
          1. Présent – If the main part of the sentence is in present form, then the part after que, expressing emotions, will be in subjonctif présent form. Confused? Well, hopefully, sample sentences will clear the air.
      It is important to me that my family eats dinner together.
      I am happy that my readers like my blog.

      que je signifie that (Subject) signify(s) or is/are/am signifying
      que tu signifies
      qu’il signifie
      que nous signifiions
      que vous signifiiez
      qu’ils signifient
        1. Imparfait –If the main part of the sentence is in past form, then the part after que, expressing emotions, will be in subjonctif imparfait form. However, this form is used in literary docs. For ordinary usage, subjonctif passé is our guy.
      que je signifiasse that (Subject) signify(s) or that (Subject) was/were signifying
      que tu signifiasses
      qu’il signifiât
      que nous signifiassions
      que vous signifiassiez
      qu’ils signifiassent
        1. Plus-que-parfait – Again, this form is also used in literary documents.
      que j’ eusse signifié (Subject) would signify/ signify
      que tu eusses signifié
      qu’il eût signifié
      que nous eussions signifié
      que vous eussiez signifié
      qu’ils eussent signifié
        1. Passé – If main part of the sentence is in past form, then the part after que, expressing emotions, will be in subjonctif passé form. Other than this, if we are expressing emotions about somebody's past, then too, we use this form.
      I had wished that he would succeed in his hunt for a decent job.

      He is afraid that he received love from everybody only for his money.

      que j’aie signifié that (Subject) signify(s) or that (Subject) was signifying
      que tu aies signifié
      qu’il ait signifié
      que nous ayons signifié
      que vous ayez signifié
      qu’ils aient signifié

    1. Impératif – This mood is utilized to give orders.
      1. Présent – There is nothing to explain here. This form is utilized in giving orders.
Take me to the mall!

Drive me to the airport!

Sit with me!

Don't talk to me!

SignifionsLet's signify!

Appearance of this verb in any song or famous textbook 

Read this passege from Alice in Wonderland:

Elle se répéta ce dernier mot deux ou trois fois, très fière de le savoir; car elle pensait, à juste titre d'ailleurs, que très peu de petites filles de son âge en connaissaient la signification. Néanmoins, elle aurait pu tout aussi bien employer le mot: «jurés».


  1. Your A to Z blogs are so interesting and I'm actually learning from them! Thanks for sharing your knowledge.

    1. Martha, you have no idea how happy your comment made me. Keep learning!